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Need: How big is the problem? Print E-mail

Ontario Public Health PractionersHIV/AIDS in Kenya

Human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the leading global public health and development problems. The first case of HIV/AIDS in Kenya was reported in 1984. It spread rapidly and 20 to 30 per cent of the population was infected by the late 1990s. Prevalence declined to 10 per cent in 2002 and to 7.5 per cent in 2003, but there are wide regional variations, with the highest district reporting prevalence over 40 per cent (KDHS, 2003). HIV/AIDS affects all sectors of the economy and has reversed many hard-won gains in health and socio-economic status.
HIV epidemiological estimates for Kenya by end of 2007


Number of people living with HIV

1,300,000 [1,100,000 – 1,500,000]

Adults aged 15 to 49 HIV prevalence rate

6.1 per cent [5.2 men – 7.0 women ]

Adults aged 15 and up living with HIV

1,200,000 [990,000 – 1,300,000]

Women aged 15 and up living with HIV

740,000 [640,000 – 840,000]

Deaths due to AIDS

140,000 [110,000 – 170,000]

Children with HIV



Last Updated on Monday, 01 June 2009 08:09